What is Raynaud’s Disease?

Raynaud’s disease is a clinical condition which causes numbness and coolness in the fingers, toes, tip of the nose and ears due to narrowing of the arteries. This condition is more common in colder region; and women are more susceptible to have Raynaud’s disease than men. While the cause of this condition is still unknown, it is believed that blood capillaries overreact to cold temperatures and stress and go into spasms, thereby causing narrowing and numbness to the part. It is of two types, Primary Raynaud’s which is caused without any underlying medical condition, is called Raynaud’s disease. Secondary Raynaud’s is due to some other problem like rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, lupus, repetitive trauma, smoking, medications or injuries.

Sorting out primary vs. secondary Raynaud’s Disease.

Firstly to understand the difference between primary and secondary Raynaud’s, your doctor may perform the test called nail fold capillaroscopy. During the test, the doctor examines the base of fingernail under a microscope for any deformities and looks for enlargement of the tiny blood capillaries. After this he comes to the conclusion whether it is primary or secondary as well whether it is an Acute or Chronic Raynaud’s disease.

The Ayurvedic Help of Raynaud’s disease

Best ayurvedic medicine for chronic raynaud’s disease is aimed at reducing the number and severity of attacks, preventing tissue damage and treating any underlying condition. Medicines from the ‘Rakta-Prasaadak’ category are used in this condition to prevent spasm of the arteries. These include Saariva (Hemidesmusindicus), Manjishtha (Rubiacordifolia), Chopchini (Smilax china), Suranjaan (Colchicum luteum)), Mundi (Sphaeranthusindicus), Khadeer (Acacia catechu), Guduchi (Tinosporacordifolia), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Daruharidra (Berberisaristata), MahamanjishthadiQadha, Saarivasav, Arogya-Vardhini, Panch-Tikta-Ghrita-Guggulu and Kaishor-Guggulu.

To prevent an over-reaction of the blood-vessels to stress, medicines like Brahmi (Bacopamonnieri), Jatamansi (Nardostachysjatamansi), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Vacha (Acoruscalamus) and Sarpagandha (Rauwolfiaserpentina) are used. From this category of medicines, the herb Mandukaparni (Centellaasiatica) deserves special mention, since it not only reduces stress, but also improves blood circulation in the extremities, thereby reducing spasm, and preventing or healing ulcers.

Raynaud’s ayurveda for treatment of the underlying condition in secondary Raynaud’s condition is equally important, in order to reduce symptoms and prevent other serious complications; however, in such cases, more prolonged and effective treatment is required. It is important for all people this condition to adopt suitable life-style changes, and avoid known precipitating factors.

Lifestyle and home remedies

A variety of remedies can decrease Raynaud’s attacks and help you feel better.

1.Avoid smoke.

Smoking or inhaling secondhand smoke causes skin temperature to drop by constricting blood vessels, which can lead to an attack.


Exercise can increase circulation and also provideĀ  other health benefits. If you have secondary Raynaud’s, take advice from your doctor before exercising outdoors in the cold.

3.Control stress.

Learning to identify and avoid stressful situations may help control the number of attacks.

4.Avoid rapidly changing temperatures.

Try not to move from a hot environment to an air-conditioned room and avoid frozen-food sections of grocery stores if possible.


Thus, in Raynaud’s disease, smaller arteries that supply blood to your skin narrow, limiting blood circulation to affected areas called vasospasm. Ayurvedic treatment may help control the number of attacks by preventing overreaction of blood vessels to stress.