Sublimation printing is the best and the most effective method to print beautiful and intricate designs on any fabric. High-quality designs and images can be printed on fabrics without any loss in the resolution. It would also retain its quality, and you can use it for many years altogether. Sublimation is a scientific process in which a substance in the solid state can be directly converted into a substance in the gaseous state without passing into the liquid state.
The design is transferred to the material by using ink and heat. Sublimation printing is also called dye sublimation printing. Sublimation printing does not involve any liquid stage, and it directly goes from the solid to the gaseous state.
Working of sublimation printing:
This process involves the use of sublimation transfer paper and sublimation ink. A digital sublimation printer is used to print the images. The sublimation transfer paper is coated with a particular transfer material. The sublimation transfer paper is then heated with the material at a temperature of about 300 to 450 degree Fahrenheit. Once this is done, the image can be printed on the fabric.
The sublimation printing process is similar to the art of making tattoos. The difference is just that a piece of fabric is used instead of your skin. First, the design is printed on a paper, and the inks used to fuse the design on the paper which is then bought in contact with the fabric and is imprinted on a permanent basis. The gaseous ink opens up the pores of the fabric. After applying some pressure, the ink returns back to the solid form. High-resolution images are produced on the fabric, and it does not get damaged or destroyed for many years.
Advantages and Disadvantages of sublimation printing
The main advantage of sublimation printing is that any kind of designs, photos, and images can be permanently printed on the fabric. You can print your favorite designs quickly, and it also has a permanent lasting effect. You can conveniently print large, small, or intricate designs and images using a sublimation printer. The designs and images printed will not get damaged, faded, or peeled off. Even after going through machine washes and sun drying for a number of times, the quality of the fabric will retain and never get damaged.
The disadvantage of sublimation printing depends on the fabric which is being used for the execution of the printing process. Sublimation printing works on fabrics which are of polyester material. It works on other type of garments such as cotton, but the design and images are not permanent other nature.
The images get damaged or faded within a few washes. Another problem with sublimation printing is creasing. While printing the designs on the fabric, some parts of the fabric remain unreached. This produces whitish creasing on the fabric. Whitish creasing can be produced due to the folding of the fabric by the presence of moisture that accumulates on the transfer paper.