Pregnancy is that gestation when one or more offspring develops inside a woman. It is an excellent time to prioritize the care of the mother. However, pregnancy needs to be handled carefully as it is prone to infection. Even a minor infection may lead to severe infection causing serious illness or life threat. Infection may be transmitted to the baby through placenta during birth.  An infection developing during pregnancy may lead to symptoms like birth defects, miscarriage, preterm labor posing a life threat to mother.  Medication in this period might cause more severe damage to the mother and baby. It becomes important to prevent infection, safe medication in pregnancy.

Pregnant women are more susceptible to infection

In pregnancy, a total change in hormonal level occurs. This affects the immune system, causing a threat for both mother and newborn. It works collectively making a balance between mother and baby against the viruses. Different parts of the immune system become more active while others work less.  So this process of body mechanism makes the mother more susceptible to infection.

Types of infections during pregnancy

Infections in pregnancy like urinary tract infection, vaginitis and postpartum infection. Cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, and parvovirus are the common infections, which can be transmitted from mother to baby leading to serious consequences.

List of common infections during pregnancy are,

Hepatitis B: It is a viral infection causing liver inflammation. The disease spread by blood contact or other bodily fluids from an infected person. Conjugal life and multiple sex partners should be avoided. The symptoms include fatigue, nausea, and jaundice. The infection is completely recoverable.

Toxoplasmosis: It is a rare but common infection. It is symptomless and does not pass to the unborn child.  It Occurs due to low hygiene standard.  A blood test detects the infection.

Bacterial vaginosis: BV is the common name of vaginal infection. The symptom is unpleasant smelly vaginal discharge. It increases the risk of premature delivery and complication leading to the death of newborns.

Yeast infection:  The symptoms are burning sensation and itching with redness in vagina. The level of estrogen and progesterone hormones increases during pregnancy and provides a favorable condition for fungus growth resulting in infection.

Treatments of infections in pregnancy 

Hepatitis B: After the detection of pregnancy, the gynecologists always recommend that the pregnant women should be screened for Hepatitis B. The infection can be positively prevented with immune globulin therapy and hepatitis B vaccine within 12 hours of birth.

Toxoplasmosis: Amniocentesis test Is conducted to confirm the presence of this infection in pregnant women. If a physician declares the baby as infected, the newborn is treated with pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine. If the fetus is not infected, then antibiotic spiramycin can reduce the infection.

Bacterial Vaginosis: Occasionally, BV goes away on its own without any infection treatments during pregnancy, but the course of antibiotics is recommended. Infection must be treated; it might lead to premature birth or low birth weight of the newborn baby.

Yeast Infection: The infection is diagnosed by vaginal culture and treated with a cream, ovule, or oral antifungal medicine. Infection is easily reduced by having yoghurt often, staying well hydrated, and sleeping without underwear.